Did You Accidentally buy a Sauna? Attic Ventilation and Insulation

‟My house is a tiny one-story house that sits in the great suburb. Although it looks more like a square ranch with a basement, am tempted to call it a bungalow every time I look at it.  Much as I love my little bungalow, it’s a heat box. During winter, my heating bills are minimal and when summer comes, my AC works overtime. Recently, my central air conditioning suddenly stopped working. There is very little airflow through the house and my square ranch seems to hold onto heat never letting go.” Now I can’t help but wonder: ‟Did I accidentally buy a sauna?”

This is a typical example of an attic that has poor ventilation or no ventilation altogether.  The attic is the most misunderstood feature in a home. Some people decide to turn it into a home office, while others decide to make it a storehouse for antique things like the old maps that demonstrate to you how to get Willie’s treasure, and just maybe that’s how the movie ‘’Goonies’’ came about. Nothing wrong with any of these uses but this article is about a standard house with an uncomplicated plain old attic. The attic is the hat of your house, keeping all the heat inside-or out- depending on the season.

Your roof and attic happens to be the hottest parts of a house and for this reason, they transfer heat to the rest of the building. In the sweltering months of summer, the sun beats directly on the roof as it crosses the sky at very high arcs. The results are heated up roof shingles and the attic below. Of course, shingles of lighter shades reflect more heat than darker ones but this does not eliminate the need for proper ventilation. Lack or poor attic ventilation can cause temperatures to rise in about 150F.

Cooling the attic calls for either passive or active ventilation. With passive ventilation cooler air is drawn in through grilles or soffit vents beneath the eaves. To have sufficient air flow during the heat out of the roof ridge cap vents or roof vents, it’s crucial to have enough openings. In instances where the amount of airflow is insufficient, bents can be added. These contain electric fans that can be operated by a thermostat or a switch. The downside of electric fans is that they can be quite costly and may also suck too much air-conditioned air from the building into the attic.

But even with proper attic ventilation, you may still experience uncomfortable heat or cold depending on the season. This is where insulation comes in.  Attic insulation is not just reserved for cold climates. Insulation is a thermal barrier so it also helps keep homes cool in the summer. Think of this; wearing a coat prevents your body heat from dissipating, therefore keeping you warm. Heat always moves towards cold and not the other way round. So, as your air conditioner keeps your home cool during the hot months, insulation helps stop hot air from making its way inside. Insulation slows convection and conduction and this is how it performs the double duty of keeping your house cooler during summer and warmer in winter.

Ventilating and insulation your attic requires careful planning and execution. If you resonate with the story up there, only an experienced roofer can end your suffering.

Winnipeg Roofing Company Roofco Receives Positive Testimonial From Delighted Customer

Winnipeg Canada – Roofco, a locally owned and operated roofing company based in Winnipeg Canada, is today delighted to announce that they recently received a positive testimonial from a customer delighted with the work they had completed.

Charles and Bebi wrote “Attention Roofco, our names are Charles and Bebi James of Brigatine Bay in Winnipeg. Recently we had our roof re-shingled, and we wanted to let you know we were extremely satisfied with Dave and his employees, the timelines he promised were perfect, and the workmanship was unmatched. The qualified workers at our home were both friendly and very conscientious of all our requests – well done! We strongly & highly recommend Roofco’s staff to others who would be thinking of having their roof and eavestroughs replaced. Dave the owner has been upfront with pricing and scheduling, never once did he miss a beat, once again thank you to his staff and we are happy to recommend them to any, and all that ask.”

The company has been built on first-class workmanship, matched with outstanding levels of customer service, which is why they are always delighted to receive testimonials of this type. The company invests time and money into the customer service aspect of their business, and this includes all members of the team from the owner all the way down.

“Having any work done on your home, can be a very stressful experience, especially when it is something as significant as your roof,” said David Zerkee. “From the launch of our company our philosophy has always been to stand out from the crowd and ensure that the level of customer service we provide is equal to the high standards of the work we consistently deliver. We regularly receive recommendations about both the standard of our work and the customer experience, and we feel that testimonials such as this validate the extra effort we go to when training our team. We aim to become the number one roofing company in Winnipeg and testimonials such as this one, will help us achieve that goal soon rather than later.”

Roofco is a locally owned and operated company with more than a decade of trusted service. Roofco is the leading expert in residential and commercial roofing in Winnipeg with an A+ customer satisfaction rating from the Better Business Bureau. Roofco offers beautiful, durable roof replacement, roof repair and new roof construction in the local area. They are a family owned and operated business, and their work is backed by the best warranties in the business. For more information about the con pant and the services they offer, visit their website at https://www.roofcoonline.com


Roofco Roofing

27 Surfside Crescent, Winnipeg, MB R3X 1P2

(204) 487-7663

From the Roof Down: Mobile Homes Care and Maintenance

For people who find stick-built houses rather expensive, mobile homes are making their homeownership dream come true. This type of homes are prefabricated structures and just like conventional houses, they can be any size; from large- multi-section units to small single section units. Mobile homes can also have cathedral ceilings, fireplaces and even basements. You could even have a 2-story fabricated home if you like! Because of their flexibility, energy efficiency, and affordability, many people are completely satisfied living in their manufactured homes. But like any other home, mobile homes require care and maintenance. Here are the best maintenance practices from top to bottom.

The roof is the most crucial part

The roof is the most crucial part of your manufactured home. Regular maintenance from a reputable roofing repair company is critical for the home’s longevity. As a matter of fact, for both mobile homes and conventional ones, roof maintenance prevents hefty expenses down-the-road. While many older manufactured homes have galvanized sheets of steel or metal roofs, newer mobile homes are made of shingles. So obviously, care and maintenance differ. For both types, cleaning is mandatory. You need to remove any debris; that includes twigs, branches, acorns, and leaves. Debris build-up will trap water in the roof and also block the gutters, eventually causing roof damage. Metal roofs can’t sustain much weight so don’t make the mistake of standing on the roof. Instead, use a ladder and use a broom to sweep the debris. Also, any seams or holes in the roof needs immediate repair; otherwise you’ll end up dealing with roof leaks.

Making the walls eye candy

If you’ve lived in a mobile home, you’re familiar with those darn strips used to hide the cracks in the drywall. Usually, manufactured homes are constructed using pre-wallpapered drywall, and on the surface matching strips are applied. For aesthetics sake and additional protection of the walls, you can have beadboard walls installed. Ply bead adds tons of character on your wall aside providing better sound insulation. To clean beadboard walls, use a duster or soft brush to remove debris or loose dust.  Then wipe dry with a second cloth. If your interior walls have vinyl coverings, use a soft cloth dipped in mild detergent and wipe the surface.

You don’t want to turn your floor into a bobby trap

The sub-flooring of most mobile homes consists of particle board. While this material is the most durable material used for fabricated homes flooring, it’s unfortunately also extremely absorbent. When exposed to moisture, over time, particle board sucks up moisture like a sponge. Eventually, the floor gets soggy and begins to rot. If when stepping on the floor you notice one spot lower than the rest of the floor, your floor needs replacement. Soft spots can damage other parts of the manufactured home. It is therefore important to keep inspecting your floor. Neglecting a soft spot will turn it into a booby trap and one too many steps and your foot falls right through. As a preventative measure, avoid pouring fluids on the floor. Additionally, inspect your floor regularly and in case identify some soft spots, don’t postpone getting a new subfloor installation.

As with any investment, a good deal of care and maintenance is mandatory for optimal conditions, and a mobile home is no different. Taking care of the roof and ceiling; the walls; and the flooring will help you keep your manufactured home in tip-top condition for a long time

How Cold Roofs Prevent Ice dams

The glistening icicles dangling from the eaves may be among the beauties of winter, but they also spell trouble. Icicles are a sign of ice damming; a condition that occurs when snow melts on a warm area of the roof then flows downslope until it refreezes on a colder area, usually near the eaves. Subsequently, meltwater then pools above the icy obstruction and does its dirty work.

A combination of poor roof ventilation and warm attic space is what causes formation of ice dams. Clogged or poorly draining gutter systems exacerbates the problem. When you ignore an ice dam, you risk loosening your roof’s shingles, tearing off gutters and causing roof leaks. The results of this are stained and sagged ceilings, peeling paints, and of course a humid attic which is a magnet for mold.  Preventing ice dams simply requires you to keep your attic and roof cold. How do you do this? Read on…

Stop air leakage by closing up attic bypasses

Naturally, warm air rises and continuously moves up the bypasses escaping into the attic. Gaps in the drywall, access hatches, plumbing pipes, chimneys, cracks around light fixtures, and other ceiling penetrations will all cause air leaks. In addition to being the primary source of ice dams and attic frost, bypasses also cause indoor moisture problems. To close up the bypasses, invite a roofer to conduct to ascertain the exact source of the leaks then seal them.

Adding roof and soffit vents will increase attic ventilation

An important part of a healthy roofing system is roof vents. Roof vents allow proper attic ventilation, prevent early aging of the roofing materials, and also prevent condensation. To effectively cool the attic, you can take advantage of the natural circulation by bringing in fresh air into the attic through soffit vents right under the eaves. This then expels hot air through the gable vents that near the peak of the roof. Proper attic ventilation also moderates temperature in the rest of the home. Ideally, half the vents should be installed in the soffit at the bottom of the roof and half near the top to allow for natural circulation of air through the attic. Multiplying the length of the attic with the width in feet to find the attic area, then dividing by 150 to find the total square feet of vent space needed, will help you calculate the total vents needed.

Your attic insulation level matters

Building experts recommend about 12 to 14 inches of cellulose or fiberglass insulation. If you have less than inches, you are likely to experience ice dam problems. Fiberglass and blow-in cellulose are always a better option compared to hand-placed batts. This is because they leave fewer gaps by filling more tightly around the joists, rafters and other obstructions.  Maintaining sufficient levels of insulation helps prevent ice dams.

Heat loss from the house, cold temperatures, and a thick snow layer are the three things ice dam needs in order to develop. Obviously, you can’t control the outside temperatures but you can control heat loss by improving ventilation and insulation as highlighted in this article. To prevent snow from building up on the roof (which is the other cause of ice dams), inviting Winnipeg snow removal professionals will help you deal with the problem early on.


When Choosing Your Roof Color

Need some help picking the right color for your roof? There’s a whole wide range of shingles colors out there, enough to get you confused. When choosing a roof color, you want one that reflects your personality, appeals to the eye and is functional in equal measure. Just like your interior décor can create a warm welcoming vibe or exude a traditional elegance, your roof does the exact same thing. But aesthetics and personality match aren’t the only factors to consider, here are a few more things to consider when choosing a roof color.

The climate you in which you live is one of the top factors to consider when choosing the color of your roof. The color of your roof will have a direct impact on the heating and cooling of your home. Experts say that your roofs color has a 20 to 40 degrees impact on your attic’s temperatures. Let’s go back to your elementary class: dark colors tend to absorb more light, retaining heat in the roof then allowing it to flow in your roof. Light colors, on the other hand, deflect light thus hold much less heat than the darker roofs. Winnipeg has a cold continental climate so darker shingles make a better option. Apparently, darker shingles also help the snow and ice on the roof melt faster.

You guess right! Aesthetics should be the other factor. Interior designers don’t randomly pick pretty colors for flooring, countertops, cabinets, and walls without regard to the big picture. You shouldn’t either. To enhance your homes overall curb appeal, there should be visual harmony between your roof and the rest of your home’s exteriors and its surrounding environment. A dark roofing, for example, would be boring with a dark wood siding. Brown shingles would coordinate well with a more distinct contrast such as beige or with white siding.

Your homes architectural style and setting should also dictate the color of your roof. For instance, black roofs or very dark blends work well with stately, traditional homes because of their grand appearance.

If your housing association has particular building codes and architectural rules to stick to, you don’t want your roofs color choice standing out from your neighbors like a sore thumb. Much as you want to stand out, you must also adhere to the housing association rules and regulations. Again, if in future you plan to sell your home, having the most unique color of the roof in the neighbor is not the best idea. Chose a color that blends in with the rest in the neighborhood or one that blends in, at least. Especially if the homes are close-knit and have few large trees around them, you don’t want your roof color to look like a blue bowl in a cupboard filled with red dinnerware.

The choice of a roof color is one you will have to live with for a long time, so you better choose carefully. As highlighted in the article, curb appeal matters just as much as functionality and temperature control so whether you’re installing a new roof or getting a roof upgrade, an experienced roofer can guide you on the best roof color to settle for, so don’t get stranded.

Roof Stain Prevention

Your roof forms 30% of your home’s façade. It is therefore an eyesore when black spots stain your once decorous roofing. Not only are stains on the roof repulsive to the eye, but they could also damage the asphalt coating of your shingles which speeds up the aging process. Folks living in humid climate areas may experience stained roofs more often than those living areas with hot dry climates. Qualified roofing contractors thus recommend that homeowners living humid climates take preventative measures to prevent their roofs from staining. Here is how you maintain that ornamental roofing.

Keep your roof free from debris

If you live in an area with little vegetation cover, the dust blown by wind may land onto the shingles of your roof. Dust creates a conducive environment for moss and algae to thrive. Excessive growth of algae and moss leads to rot; evidenced by black stains. If left unsolved, the rot will spread and cause major damage to your roof. As a preventative measure, ensure you occasionally clear your roof off any debris including blown leaves which find their way to your rain gutters. Algae and moss tend to die off when there is little or no decomposing matter to feed on.

Consider installing roof shingles embedded with zinc or copper

When purchasing a new roof, always opt for algae-proof roofing shingles, such as those that are embedded with zinc or copper. Algae and moss have almost zero chance of survival on such surfaces. When presented with various options of algae proof roofing shingles, ask your roofing contractor to help you select the best material that matches your climate and budget.

Use the right products

Regular use of harsh chemicals to get rid of roof stains could do more damage than good. It’s always better to prevent stains from forming in the first place. Mold prevention products do a great job in stain-proofing your roof. There are many stain-proofing products but, generally, they all work the same way. The product forms a layer over the shingles, which suffocates any present algae or mold preventing future growth. Remember to apply moss growth treatments every time you clean your roof.

Use zinc strips

If your roof is already streaked with stains, consider cleaning off the algae and moss with diluted bleach. Pure bleach is corrosive to most materials, and roofing shingles are not an exception. To reduce the effects of bleach, mix it with water in the ratio of 1:2. When applying the bleach, use a spraying mechanism and gently scrub the algae off using a brush, then rinse it off with fresh water. Some of the bleach will drip to your foundation plantings. Ensure you rinse the plantings with fresh water before and after cleaning the roof. Finally, install zinc or copper strips along the sides of the roof. For a cheaper alternative, use galvanized sheet metal.

Some of the roof stain prevention measures require expertise. If your roof is densely stained with algae or moss, chances are, the roof might have weak spots. It’s safer to contact a qualified roofing contractor to  inspect and clear the stains.

How Solar Panels Work

The persistent search for renewable energy has seen tremendous growth of solar as a source of power for many domestic and industrial users. Today, solar panels power many of our everyday utilities, from home appliances such as ovens to spacecrafts orbiting our planet. Are you thinking of making the bold step to solar energy? Great! Before inviting a Winnipeg roofing company to install solar panels, this piece takes you through the basics of how solar panels work, how to maintain them, and how you can enjoy solar-related services for a longer time.

The science behind solar panels

Different types of solar panels employ the same mechanism to work. The panels are made from layers of silicon cells and wires embedded inside a glass casing. A metallic frame borders the glass casing and an inverter converts electricity from direct to alternate currents. Some solar panels come with a battery system that stores converted energy for controlled use.

The silicon cells absorb sunlight, which in turn triggers electrons to convert the light to electricity through the photovoltaic effect. Without getting too scholarly, the photovoltaic effect involves transmitting the light rays through electrons. These electrons pass through a sandwich of positive and negative electric fields. The electrons in motion then create an electric current which is fed to the nodes and wires underneath the layer of silicon cells.

The electric current fed to the wires is known as direct current or DC. Many home appliances however, require higher voltage power to operate than provided by DC electricity. The DC electricity is therefore fed to an inverter, which converts it to alternate current or AC. Alternate current gives a higher voltage output, which is able to power multiple appliances concurrently.

How to maintain your solar panels

Solar panels are immobile, guaranteeing longevity with just a little maintenance. You therefore only need to occasionally clean your panels to remove any debris that may block the sun rays from direct contact with the silicon cells. Such debris include dust, bird droppings and grime.

Cleaning the solar panels is not rocket science. All it takes is a garden hose to rinse the dirt from the panel. Should your panels require more cleaning, you may use soapy water and a sponge fixed on a long pole, then rinse away the suds with the hose. We recommend cleaning during an overcast morning or evening, when power production is relatively low.

The frequency of cleaning the solar panels depends on your situation. People living in areas with excess dust as well as those living near a heavily nested tree should clean the solar panels at least once in 2 months. On those rainy days, you will obviously get lower power production, but you will also enjoy free cleaning!

Remember to observe safety as you clean your solar panels. Ensure your ladder is firmly positioned and stable before climbing your roof. If your panels are too high to reach, contact your local roofing professionals and schedule a maintenance date. Also remember to schedule occasional maintenance for all your utilities relying on solar energy for optimum performance.

Can You Replace Your Roof During Winter?

It’s in the middle of winter and you realize that your roof is leaking, or a shingle is missing.  The leak damage is alarming—the kind that warranties a replacement. Now what? Do you get a roof replacement in the middle of winter? And is this even possible? Replacing the roof during winter is but, a little intricate. Here is why…

Asphalt shingles, thanks to their fair pricing, are the most common type of residential roofing. Here is what happens when your roofer tries installing this type of roofing during winter: asphalt shingles become brittle which makes them susceptible to cracking during the installation process. If water gets into these cracks (and it most likely will since it’s winter) it freezes causing the cracks to enlarge, which obviously spells trouble in the future. Again, when temperatures drop below 40 degrees, self-adhesive has trouble sticking. If you choose another type of roofing, say fiberglass shingles, you’re not safe either. Fiberglass shingles are also prone to cracking during winter, and so do shakes.

The other reason why replacing your roof during winter is not ideal is for the simple reason that winter is a bitterly cold season. If you’ve worked in the cold, you know only too well that no one wants to be out there for too long.  Regardless of how tough your contractor is, they aren’t immune to frostbite. You don’t want your roofer rushing through the installation just to protect their fingers from freezing. Roofing is one of those physically demanding jobs. To allow their fingers and toes to bend, roofers wear very small boots and gloves so you can imagine how torturous this can be when you’re dealing with temperatures below 20°F.

So, is it impossible to get a roof replacement during winter?

While replacing the roof is not ideal during winter, some situations demand an immediate replacement. If your roof can’t wait till summer or fall, here are some things to note:

  • You will need to work with your contractor to select a window period of the best time in the winter season. This may mean picking those days where the forecasts predict no snow. Also, those days where temperatures are expected to be above 20 degrees.
  • Your roofing project will take longer for reasons mentioned above, that is; shingles are hard to work with at this time, the contractors will need more breaks to warm up and hard sealing may be necessary.
  • Some contractors will decline roof replacement offers during winter so you should be prepared to get a few declines. Of importance is to get a roofer who is comfortable and confident to install in winter. Not just comfortable but also experienced.

What’s the best time to replace your roof?

Compared to winter, spring and summer, fall provides the perfect weather for roof replacement. Experts agree that roof replacement is best done when the temperatures are between 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit.  Ideal temperatures during fall provide better thermal sealing of asphalt shingles. Again, cooler fall temperatures are also more comfortable for roofers so, naturally, they’re likely to put on their A game. Installing your new roof in the fall prepares it for the imperils of winter weather. When your roof is in great shape, the only thing you’re left to think about during winter is getting a reliable ice dam removal company to deal with mother nature’s gift of snow and ice dams.

Drainage Solutions for Flat Roofs

Flat roofs are great for outdoor living, rooftop gardens, aesthetics. These designs are durable and resistant to elements such as wind, hail, or animals. However, flat rooftops are not easy to drain. Water accumulates and does not drain automatically like with sloped designs.

Problems of Poor Drainage

Pooling can:

  • Cause leaks and structural damages
  • Damage to other roofing features such as chimneys and vents
  • Destroy caulking, tar, and other waterproofing elements
  • Lead to debris accumulation
  • Compromise the integrity of a building

If you go for a flat roof, here are three drainage options you can get from a reputable roofing repair company.


Gutters are cost-effective and also the most common solution for flat roof drainage. These structures direct water to a safe distance from the building through a downspout. When installed properly, gutters capture as much water as possible to protect your roof, windows, siding, and building foundation. However, there is a downside to using gutters. These waterspouts gather debris that can block your drainage system. You need to clean the structures consistently, especially before the rains start. If you live in areas with extreme weather, your gutter might not last long. You might want to consider the options below.


Roof scuppers are the openings at the edge of the roof that redirect water to the side of a building. You might also add a downspout to carry the water away from the building. This system is not only cost-effective but also efficient. With scuppers, there is no risk of debris accumulation as the openings are short. This makes them easy to maintain. Scuppers can also enhance your building if well designed. Although the scuppers are effective, they might be overwhelmed by heavy rain and snowmelt. Moreover, scuppers that come with downspouts may get clogged with debris. If your roof has little or no pitch, scuppers might not drain the water effectively.

Interior Drains

Drains are installed where most water collects. Usually, there are pipes installed below the roof where the drains direct the water to drainage points. You can also have the interior drains customized by your roofing company to enhance your building. Another advantage of these structures is that the pipes are protected from extreme weather by the roof and walls. The downside with Interior drains is that they more expensive than gutters and scuppers. In the long run though, interior drains will serve you longer than the other two options. You must also call a professional roofing repair contractor in the rare case that the pipes get damaged. And just like the gutters, the pipe system is prone to clogging by debris. Ensure routine checks to keep your drainage clear.

Enjoy the perks of a flat roof design by installing any on the above drainage systems. Just ensure that the drainage solution fits your budget, roof design, weather conditions, and maintenance needs. Also, optimize the gutters, scuppers, and interior drains by doing routine checks and engaging a reliable roofing repair company.

Winter Skylight Leaks: How Should You Prevent Them?

Skylights are not only a beautiful roofing alternative to traditional roofs but also a functional choice in terms of saving energy (they let light in during the day). However, some homeowners report that their skylights are letting in a little more than just sunlight, especially during winter we are talking about leaks!  Although skylight leaks are repairable, it’s always better to prevent them from occurring in the first place. To take preventative measures, you first need to understand how skylights are installed and potential causes for leaks.  

How are skylights installed?

A skylight is a special hardened glass that is installed in a cut-out on your roof. Personnel from Winnipeg roofing company cuts a measured opening on the roof around the region you want the skylight installed. This sometimes includes cutting out both the roof and a section of the attic, should you have one. The skylight is then installed in place of the cut-out and screwed in using nails.

Special roofing paper is then installed around the skylight framework. The roofing paper is meant to prevent any moisture, rain or melted snow from leaking through the cut-out of the skylight. Insulation is then installed around the roofing paper to further prevent leaks. Finally, special insulating material known as flashing is installed around the roofing paper. The flashing is installed in two layers; step flashing and solid flashing.

What causes leaks in the skylight and how to prevent them?

  1. Improper installation

The most common cause is improper installation. This may arise from the use of inadequate roofing paper around the frame of the skylight. As a result, the snow that melts around the framework of the skylight seeps in and leaks through the gaps. Also, inadequate step flashing may lead to melted snow finding its way into the skylight from underneath the roofing shingles.

The remedy is to add a watertight and airtight seal around the skylight framework. Alternatively, a complete re-installation of the skylight by a professional should prevent future leakage during winter.

  1. Extreme condensation

The flashing around the skylight framework, as well as that underneath the shingles is designed to accommodate normal expansion and contraction of solids under different temperatures. To put it into perspective, the temperature on the outside of the skylight is much cooler than that on the inside of the house. Therefore, extreme condensation may occur during winter, weakening the flashing. As a result, melted snow sips in between the flashing, resulting in a persistent leak.

Adding insulation as well as the step and solid flashing should prevent the leak from escalating too much.

  1. Melting snow

The end of the winter season is characterized by a gradual rise in temperature. By this time, areas with heavy snowfall have accumulated a couple inches of snow on the roof. The rise in temperature melts the snow at a fast rate. As a result, the roof is subjected to a lot of water that could find its way around the flashing and sip through the skylight. To prevent this, you can reduce the snow cover on your roof by sweeping it off with a roof rake, or better still inviting snow removal professionals.

By now, you should have noticed that the main culprit of skylight leaks is the flashing. Schedule regular roof maintenance services to ensure your flashing and insulation is intact enough to withstand the harsh conditions in the winter.